Plantar Fasciitis Treatment Options

Plantar fasciitis is extremely common affecting around 10% of the adult population at some time in life. Commonly plantar fasciitis is associated with heel spurs however on x-ray only 50% of patients with plantar fasciitis have evidence of calcification through the heel (DiMarcangelo, 1997).

Commonly plantar fasciitis symptoms start as an awareness or ache in the morning. Relief treatment can be quite simple at this time however if it is left, these symptoms will often slowly progress to pain that significantly impacts quality of life.

When targeting plantar fasciitis symptoms your practitioner will guide you through the best strategy or combination of strategies to help relieve and control your individual pain. At Body Leadership Australia we recommend a multimodal approach utilising a number of different treatment options.

Soft Tissue Release
Tightness of the muscles surrounding the foot have been found to pull hard enough on the bones that they alter the natural shape of the foot and ankle often leading to plantar fasciitis pain. Accordingly, release techniques and stretching of the lower limb muscles can have an effect on decreasing symptoms associated with plantar fasciitis.

Stretching
Strategic stretching of the calf muscles and Achilles tendon or on the plantar fascia itself can decrease pain associated with plantar fasciitis. You should get a program tailored to your individual needs.

Orthotics
Orthotics can help to relieve the effects of plantar fasciitis. Changing the weight load through the foot can allow the inflammatory response to settle by supporting the foot appropriately.

Night Splints (Strassburg Sock)
The use of a night splint can reduce recovery time compared to the same protocol utilising standing stretches through the calf.

Cortisone
Cortisone was always a last resort due to potential complications and pain post injection. Now with ultrasound guidance outcomes have improved and we see them used more effectively. Cortisone options can be discussed with your health care professional.

Surgery
A number of studies found 75% to 95% of patients had long term improvement as measured by various criteria. Up to 27% of patients still had significant pain, up to 20% had some activity restriction, and up to 12% had moderate pain that impaired function (Brown et al., 1999; Davies et al., 1999; Fishco et al., 2000). Surgical options are always a last resort.

Once your pain is treated and controlled it is important to understand your individual factors that predispose you to plantar fasciitis which can be explained by your physiotherapist. You can then be taught a home program to release tension, particularly through the calf as well as the foot to nip problems in the bud. This can also be optimised using home exercises to improve strength for better control of your biomechanics long term.

If you, your friend or family member suffer from plantar fasciitis please do not hesitate to contact one of our friendly Brisbane sports physiotherapists on 07 3847 8040. Our Brisbane sports physios can also provide treatment from our Brisbane Sports Physiotherapy practice.

Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.

How Dating Sites are gaining success within a niche market

There are 7 billion people populating Earth. With all of this variety available it makes you question why there are so many singletons out there.

Perhaps it’s because we live in a fast paced world where people are too caught up to partner up or understand it as a significant pursuit in their lives. Technology merged with evolution has generated a unique breed of people and we do not all share the same commonalities like the good old days.

Today’s Online Dating has comprised itself into an easy access technology for a person to find their soulmate with the click of a button. It is presently a $2 billion dollar per year industry, with over 1500 dating sites globally and boasts to been responsible for around 280,000 marriages as a result of people hooking up. In Australia, statistically 1 in 10 has found love online and 1 in 6 of those people was between the ages 35-44.

There is no doubt the popularity of the ‘General’ online dating websites out there have had great success with the following of members on their sites. Some international sites proudly promote unbelieveable numbers of 30 million plus. As most sites offer a free sign up it is not quite clear on how many of those 30 million are paying subscriptions, never the less these enterprises are connecting a lot of people with each other.

Over time in this industry I think people have gotten tired and lost in the ‘General’ online dating websites. Wasting time on meaningless dialogue and meaningless banter only to find out there is not much in sync with the other party. Some might say you have to kiss a lot of frogs to discover your prince.

Niche online dating websites have launched on to the scene hard and strong. Obviously someone discovered a need and jumped at the opportunity to unite people within a specific market. To narrow the playing field, so to speak. People bond best when they have something alike. Beliefs, hobbies, race, sexual preference or lifestyle choice can group people to meet other [compatible~accordant} singles.

Scientists have done studies to find out if in fact like-minded people or opposite people make the better couple. It was proven that people with similar temperaments and world views were more likely to appreciate success and have conflict free marriages than the opposite couples. It is also suggested that people with similar interests were
more likely to meet up in person off the sites.

The niche dating sites available are limitless, probably if you can think it, there has been one formed. From Gay to Pet lovers, Christian groups and other religious followings, Asian, Interracial, Vegetarians, Farmers, Cheaters, Beautiful people (ugly people need not apply), Punks, Seniors, Cougars, Sugar Daddies, Military, Single parents, Tall people, big people and even small people. I even managed to stumble across a site for inmates, geeks and people who like to dance.

There is no doubt catering to a specific audience could be a very effective market. It sounds like a fun experience to set foot in a world where everyone shares the same values. Everybody deserves love, why not share it with someone you like?

For speed dating Brisbane, dating Brisbane and singles events Brisbane, make sure you visit Miners & Gems. Register online for free.

SEO Townsville and Customer Lifetime Value

Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) is a measure of how much profit a customer will bring to your business over the lifetime of the relationship that exists between you two. The customer is the most valuable asset in your business. Knowing how to acquire and maintain this great asset is the key to a profitable business. CLV helps you determine where to commit you money in marketing campaigns before you launch them in order to reap higher benefits.

Calculating CLV

There are several formulas to arrive at the Lifetime Value of a given customer; the most efficient one is given by:

CLV = (Sales per customer) x (Customer lifetime) x (Number of referrals) x

(The percentage of referrals that turns customers) – (Cost of sales)

To arrive at these data you can use the following simple steps to estimate each parameter. For some idea of the benefit of SEO visit: http://happytalkmedia.com/seo-townsville.html

Sales per customer can be obtained by taking the sum of sales and divide it by the total sum of customers in a given period. Customer lifetime is the estimated number of times you think the customer will reorder a given product or service.

The number of referrals made is a conservative estimate of how many people have heard about you through a particular customer. A satisfied customer often makes casual reference on his or her blog, social media page or post a comment on a forum about a wonderful shopping experience that you provided. These comments can be read by hundreds to thousands of people. You can collect this information by asking your new customers how they heard about you.

Customers Guesstimate the percentage of the referrals that will buy something from your business to arrive at the percentage of referrals that convert to. Finally calculate the cost of sales by taking the sum of goods or services and divide it by the sum of customers that you have sold to in that period and multiply the quotient by the customer lifetime figure calculated earlier.

Importance of Lifetime value to your business

It serves as a benchmark in determining how much money, time and effort you can commit in acquiring a given customer in the first instance. You become confident of reaping benefits such as enhanced corporate image and increased sales from your current investments.

Lifetime value of a customer helps you to re-focus on your marketing campaigns. Once you realize that your customers are an ongoing stream of revenue rather than a one-shot sale, you get motivated to focus on ways of keeping them or repeat sales as loyal customer are likely to buy more. Loyal customers cost less to service. Experienced customers know how to use your products or services and make fewer calls to customer support and request fewer visits from the sale rep thus reducing the overheads.

Limited acquisition cost is yet another benefit of calculating lifetime value of a customer. Loyal customers are much more likely than not to be your advocates. They will recommend you to their associates and friends and happily speak about your products or services. This brings in more customers with little or zero acquisition cost. Lifetime value helps you identify the best customers; understand what best they see in your business thus helping you come up with real marketing objectives and strategies.

Spider Veins – Cause and Treatments

Sometimes, you might have noticed red and blue blood vessels visible through your skin. Did you become a bit embarrassed or worried about them? Do you wonder what they are? They are known as spider veins. Here, we will discuss the causes and various treatments of spider vein.

The causes of spider veins
Spider veins are a mild manifestation of venous reflux disease. They are small, tangled groups of blood vessels found just beneath the surface of the skin. These dilated veins resemble tree branches or spider webs, and usually occur spread out on the legs and feet.

What are the risk factors?
Spider vein risk factors are similar to those associated with varicose veins, and include advancing age, obesity, occupations requiring extended periods of standing, heredity factors and hormonal changes. People can also suffer from spider veins because of weak vessel walls or from exposure to ultraviolet rays.

Considering the risk factors, some people will be more prone to this problem than others. For example, if you work as a surgeon, a teacher or a nurse, the chances are high that you could experience this condition. Similarly, for people with a genetic history of weak vein valves, the probability of developing spider veins is also high. The same applies regarding hormonal changes, which generally occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause.

The exact cause of spider veins is yet to be established. Existing risk factors can be divided into two general sub-divisions, i.e. acquired causes and congenital. In congenital causes, is port-wine stain, Maffucci’s syndrome and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (also known as osler-weber-rendu syndrome), among others. The acquired causes include acne rosacea, chemotherapy and lifestyle/occupation risk factors (as mentioned above).

What symptoms are associated with spider veins?
Spider veins can be painful in some cases, with cramping and aching. They often result in a feeling of heaviness in the legs, and burning, tingling or throbbing feelings. In addition, symptoms such as itching, fatigue and swelling can also be experienced. In serious cases, this condition can develop large sores, phlebitis and ulcers. However, spider veins are noticed by their appearance in a majority of incidences.

Tests and Diagnosis
Doctors usually employ non-invasive diagnostic tests to diagnose this condition. These tests are perfectly safe and painless, with no needles, scalpels or medication being involved. The entire procedure is normally very brief, and probably won’t take more than an hour.

There are three main questions that doctors seek to answer with these tests. First, they want to establish any evidence of deep vein blood clots. Secondly, they discover if the veins are functioning properly. And last, they test the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) to determine if it is working well or not.

A competent vein specialist will always undertake this exercise before treating your condition. Some of the procedures that you can expect include:

*Color-flow Duplex Exam – This is used to evaluate the anatomy of the affected veins. It determines the direction of blood flow, openings and blockages. This procedure is also important in the process of vein mapping (needed for skin deep problems).

*Bi-directional Doppler Exam – This is an ultrasound exam used to determine the speed of blood flow and whether it pauses during normal breathing. It also identifies whether the veins are working properly.

*Photoplethysmography – Phew! Don’t let this complicated medical term intimidate you. Photoplethysmography is basically a diagnostic procedure that is used to determine the efficiency of your calf muscle pump.

*Pressure Calf Exam – In performing this exam, you’ll be asked to lie facing upwards with your legs raised above your chest. This diagnostic procedure identifies vessel blockages.

Treatment
After establishing the specific nature of your problem, the doctor will then outline the right treatment plan for you. Here are several available options:

Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy involves the doctor injecting a saline solution into the affected veins. This solution results in damage to the affected vessel walls, causing them to swell and seal shut. Within several weeks the scar tissue will fade away. The entire sclerotherapy procedure takes around 30 minutes, and has only mild side-effects. And although the injection may be a bit painful, the stinging sensation is usually gone within a few minutes.

Laser and Intense Pulsed Light
This treatment option employs the use of a specialised device that focuses laser energy to the damaged tissue. The procedure only takes 20 minutes, and has minimal side-effects.

Natural Remedies
Natural remedies can mean the difference between undergoing medical procedures or not, and are valuable alongside medical treatment. Some recommended herbal remedies include:

*Horse Chestnut Seed – Studies show that this seed improves blood circulation in the legs thus strengthening the veins and capillaries.

*Bilberry Extract – This herbal extract stimulates new capillary formation thus strengthening the capillary walls.

*Butchers Broom – This herb strengthens veins.

*Gotu Kola – A very effective extract in addressing venous insufficiency, foot swelling and water retention. It therefore provides a good solution to spider veins found on the legs.

*Distilled Witch Hazel – This is directly applied on the affected areas using a cotton ball. Numerous clinical studies show that this extract can help strengthen blood vessels.

Caution: For health safety purposes, do not start using any herbal remedies without consulting a qualified doctor.

Spider veins prevention
Two of the most important things regarding the prevention of spider veins are eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Eating a diet higher in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables than meat and convenience food is very important, and if your job requires you to stand for a long time, you should regularly shift your body weight from one leg to another as well as standing evenly balanced.

To sum things up, the procedure of a spider vein removal is chosen by several key factors. Your specialist will choose the best treatment options based on the results obtained from the diagnostic tests. We hope that this article will provide all the necessary guidance you need in addressing this problem.

For more information about spider veins Brisbane, contact the leg vein doctor Brisbane today.