Working Files and Graphic Design

Graphic design professionals design various graphic items for logos, brands, publications, product packaging and advertisements. The graphic works are done with the help of graphic file formats such as EPS, PNG, GIF and JPG. All the above graphic file formats are known as the bitmap graphics which consist of thousands of small colored squares or pixels in the form of a checkerboard grid. Bitmap files are output by digital cameras and cell phones, and these files can be created, resized, optimized and edited easily to use in web programs. Most of the web browsers use JPG and GIF file formats as they compresses the size of the file for the efficient delivery of files through the internet.

GIF file formats are used for the creation of web graphics. GIF files support only 256 colors, and can be used in almost all the computer platforms. EPS file formats are used to create images with duotone/monotones and clipping paths. JPG file format is used for web graphics with great amount of gradations and colors. PNG is a file format created to overcome the limitations of GIF. PNG file formats provide lossless compression without any copyright limitations.

Working file formats are of two types- original as well as derivative files. Original files are the JPEG files or raw (unrendered) files that are created by the camera, whereas derivative files are made out of the original files. The rendered as well as unrendered formats are used as the working file formats. Raw files are used with PIE software and the rendered files are used both in pixel editing software and PIE. The JPEG file cannot be used as the working file because of the lossy compression. Working files cannot display graphics properly as they are mainly used for printing the documents. Working files cannot display quality images as required by the web based programs.

Working files are normally used for storing and viewing documents, notes etc. The different working file formats are .DAT, .DCF, .DCT, .DO, .DOC, .DTA, .FRQ, .FRW, .MAP, .SAS, .SD2, .SPS and .WRN. The working files can be included in a .ZIP file which contains a data file, different definitions of the date and other such documentation. The file types will differ according to the file format and the data type included. You can extract the working files from the .ZIP file. With the help of Winzip or PKUNZIP, you can extract the working files. Working files are primarily used for documentation, but design studios are creating graphics for various purposes. It is not possible to create graphics using the working files. Therefore, professional designers do not release working files.

For graphic design brisbane and brochure design brisbane, contact Bydaughters. Bydaughters also do annual report design.

Styles of Yoga

Yoga originated in ancient India, and is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy. Derived from the Sanskrit word meaning “union”, its primary goal is to help the student achieve union with the divine by way of specific poses (asanas), breath (pranayama), and meditation to achieve a state of spiritual liberation. Though yoga in the Western world focuses on health and fitness, it is important to appreciate yoga’s long history as a vital component of the Hindu philosophical and theological system.
As one of the most popular of natural therapies in the West, there are many types of yoga available for those seeking health and wellness. The following covers the more popular yoga styles in the West, and helps you have a clearer understanding of the basics of each yoga style so that you can choose one which best suits you and your needs.

Hatha
Hatha yoga is a generic title which describes any yoga style, and most yoga classes advertised in the West will be hatha yoga, unless otherwise stated. When a yoga class is advertised as hatha, it usually refers to a slow-paced and gentle introduction to yoga, incorporating basis poses and simple breathing exercises. Before attending a hatha yoga class, it is wise to ask the yoga teacher where he/she trained and what the class will consist of, e.g. yoga poses, pace, meditation and mantras etc. This will help to to decide if the yoga class will be beneficial for you.

Vinyasa
Vinyasa yoga is perhaps the most common for those wanting yoga purely for fitness. This form of yoga combines a sequence of flowing poses with rhythmic breathing, and is designed as an intense body-mind workout. As a generic term for any form of yoga that involves poses synchronised to the breath (where there is a flow as the poses run together), Vinyasa yoga is also used to describe yoga styles that have derived from it, such as Ashtanga and Power Yoga.

Ashtanga
As mentioned, Ashtanga is a form of yoga that has derived from the concept of Vinyasa yoga. It is fast-paced and based on six series of poses that increase in difficulty as each series moves through one to the next without stopping. As there is no time for adjustments, once a series of yogic poses and breathing are underway the student is encouraged to move through the series of movements without stopping, making for an ideal full body work-out that will stimulate and improve circulation and detoxification, and get that heart rate pumping!
Power Yoga
Another form of yoga derived from Vinyasa, Power yoga is a Western product based on the fundamentals of yoga tradition. More likely to be part of a gym curriculum, Power yoga weaves common yoga poses and breathe techniques to a rigorous exercise workout, designed to strengthen the body and promote flexibility. Power yoga is great as part of your training and fitness routine, but rarely addresses the philosophical aspects of yoga.

Bikram yoga
Designed by Bikram Choudhury, this form of yoga is better known for its use of sauna-like conditions to promote detoxification of the body through sweat. Bikram yoga classes are held in studios designed to replicate India’s climate, mimicking a hot and humid temperature. Here students work through a series of 26 traditional yoga poses (usually slow-paced and gentle) as they sweat and, as a result, promote fresh blood and oxygen to circulate throughout the body. This form of yoga is ideal as a detoxifying exercise to boost the immune system.

Sivananda
For those seeking a more philosophical approach to their yoga, Sivananda yoga is based on the philosophy of Swami Sivananda and his five principles:
1. Proper exercise
2. Proper breathing
3. Proper relaxation
4. Proper diet
5. Positive thinking/meditation

Sivananda yoga classes work through twelve basic poses. As a slow-paced form of yoga, the emphasis is on the full exploration of each pose so that the eventual mastering of each pose is achieved as part of an overall philosophical approach.

Iyengar
Iyengar yoga is based on the teaching of B.K.S Iyengar, one of the most influential yogis of all time. This form of yoga focuses on the subtleties of each pose, which are held much longer than traditional forms of yoga. Focussing on the physical alignment of the body in the poses, students are encouraged to attain perfect poses through consistent practice. This is based on the philosophical belief that once the body is in perfect balance by means of mastering each pose, the mind with reflect this balance. In addition, unlike other forms of yoga, Iyengar also uses props such as belts or chairs to accommodate any needs or structural imbalances in the body, which makes it a good option for those with poor mobility.
Anusara
Anusara means “to step into the current of divine will” and is a modern form of yoga created by American John Friend, with its origins derived from Iyengar yoga. Its practice focusses on three key areas:
• Attitude – by opening to grace one can awaken his/her true nature.
• Alignment – integrated awareness of the different
• Action – pose as expression of the heart and inner freedom.
This form of yoga reintroduces traditional Hindi elements of yoga, however is primary health orientated as it focuses on inner and outer body alignment.
Kundalini
Considered the most comprehensive of yogas, Kundalini is derived from the tantra yoga tradition and refers to the flow of energy and consciousness that exists within us. Incorporating poses and dynamic breathing techniques, combined with specific mantra chanting and chakra awakening, Kundalini yoga acts as a holistic philosophy that keeps the body and mind strong and flexible in times of stress and conflict. This yoga style is suited for those wanting a holistic approach to their yoga practice.

There are many other forms of yoga available, with more yoga traditions and styles being introduced into the West every year. Like all things, however, it is best to have a clear idea of what you hope to achieve from yoga and then find a style that best suits that. Happy yoga practicing from Radiant Heart Yoga Woolloongabba, Brisbane.

SEO Townsville and Customer Lifetime Value

Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) is a measure of how much profit a customer will bring to your business over the lifetime of the relationship that exists between you two. The customer is the most valuable asset in your business. Knowing how to acquire and maintain this great asset is the key to a profitable business. CLV helps you determine where to commit you money in marketing campaigns before you launch them in order to reap higher benefits.

Calculating CLV

There are several formulas to arrive at the Lifetime Value of a given customer; the most efficient one is given by:

CLV = (Sales per customer) x (Customer lifetime) x (Number of referrals) x

(The percentage of referrals that turns customers) – (Cost of sales)

To arrive at these data you can use the following simple steps to estimate each parameter. For some idea of the benefit of SEO visit: http://happytalkmedia.com/seo-townsville.html

Sales per customer can be obtained by taking the sum of sales and divide it by the total sum of customers in a given period. Customer lifetime is the estimated number of times you think the customer will reorder a given product or service.

The number of referrals made is a conservative estimate of how many people have heard about you through a particular customer. A satisfied customer often makes casual reference on his or her blog, social media page or post a comment on a forum about a wonderful shopping experience that you provided. These comments can be read by hundreds to thousands of people. You can collect this information by asking your new customers how they heard about you.

Customers Guesstimate the percentage of the referrals that will buy something from your business to arrive at the percentage of referrals that convert to. Finally calculate the cost of sales by taking the sum of goods or services and divide it by the sum of customers that you have sold to in that period and multiply the quotient by the customer lifetime figure calculated earlier.

Importance of Lifetime value to your business

It serves as a benchmark in determining how much money, time and effort you can commit in acquiring a given customer in the first instance. You become confident of reaping benefits such as enhanced corporate image and increased sales from your current investments.

Lifetime value of a customer helps you to re-focus on your marketing campaigns. Once you realize that your customers are an ongoing stream of revenue rather than a one-shot sale, you get motivated to focus on ways of keeping them or repeat sales as loyal customer are likely to buy more. Loyal customers cost less to service. Experienced customers know how to use your products or services and make fewer calls to customer support and request fewer visits from the sale rep thus reducing the overheads.

Limited acquisition cost is yet another benefit of calculating lifetime value of a customer. Loyal customers are much more likely than not to be your advocates. They will recommend you to their associates and friends and happily speak about your products or services. This brings in more customers with little or zero acquisition cost. Lifetime value helps you identify the best customers; understand what best they see in your business thus helping you come up with real marketing objectives and strategies.

Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.

How to Soundproof Windows

Acoustic double glazing requires the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window, preferably by 100mm. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation – Magnetic Acrylic Double Glazing and Acoustic Aluminium Double Glazing. Article body:

What is Window Double Glazing?
Double glazing needs the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window optimally by 100mm. Add our acoustic double glazing to your existing windows or specify our solutions on new projects. Double glazed windows eliminate noise transfer by up to 70% and remove heating costs by 35%.

Double Glazing System – Magnetic Acrylic Windows
Magnetic Window Soundproofing System functions very simply by installing a PVC sub frame on the inside of your window. This double glazing system greatly increases noise removal. The acrylic window is sealed in place, creating an air space with the existing window, thereby producing an insulating barrier.

Double Glazing System – Acoustic Aluminium Windows
This double glazing system reduces the transfer of noise from outside to inside. These sound proof windows can be specially manufactured to meet specific size requirements. The Soundblock Aluminium Window System is an add on glazing system, creating a double glazed unit to greatly reduce noise transmission through existing windows by up to 70%. As well it provides extra security and safety to the property.

How to Soundproof Windows
To successfully soundproof your windows you will need to have a sufficient gap between your primary window and the edge of your internal window reveal. Ideally this gap is 100mm. This will allow an acoustic secondary window, either our Soundblock Acrylic Magnetic or Soundblock Aluminium windows, to be installed to effectively provide an overall sound reduction of 40-43db.

Noise reduction and soundproofing solutions
Established in 1999, Soundblock Solutions is a highly respected, privately-owned Australian provider of soundproofing products and solutions. We can help to provide a quieter, more comfortable environment in any surroundings, whether it’s in the home, office, industrial, hotels, restaurants or marine.

Representing leading Australian manufacturers of acoustic products, Soundblock offers a huge range of double glazing and window sound insulation and noise control products for domestic and commercial use. We will determine your exact noise problems and supply and install the most effective product or combination of products for your specific situation. Talk to us for expert advice and a comprehensive, cost-effective solution for all of your soundproofing, double glazing, noise control and acoustic requirements.

Soundblock are the experts in noise reduction and have found using window double glazing systems, that noise can be reduced by up to 70% or 41dB. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation.