Working Files and Graphic Design

Graphic design businesses create various graphic items for logos, brands, publications, product packaging and advertisements. The graphic works are rendered with the help of graphic file formats such as EPS, PNG, GIF and JPG. All the above graphic file formats are known as the bitmap graphics which consist of thousands of small colored squares or pixels in the form of a checkerboard grid. Bitmap files are output by digital cameras and cell phones, and these files can be created, resized, optimized and edited easily to use in web programs. Most of the web browsers use JPG and GIF file formats as they compresses the size of the file for the efficient delivery of files through the internet.

GIF file formats are used for the creation of web graphics. GIF files support only 256 colors, and can be used in almost all the computer platforms. EPS file formats are used to create images with duotone/monotones and clipping paths. JPG file format is used for web graphics with great amount of gradations and colors. PNG is a file format created to overcome the limitations of GIF. PNG file formats provide lossless compression without any copyright limitations.

Working file formats are of two types- original as well as derivative files. Original files are the JPEG files or raw (unrendered) files that are created by the camera, whereas derivative files are created out of the original files. The rendered as well as unrendered formats are used as the working file formats. Raw files are used with PIE software and the rendered files are used both in pixel editing software and PIE. The JPEG file cannot be used as the working file because of the lossy compression. Working files cannot display graphics properly as they are mainly used for printing the documents. Working files cannot display quality images as required by the web based programs.

Working files are normally used for storing and viewing documents, notes etc. The different working file formats are .DAT, .DCF, .DCT, .DO, .DOC, .DTA, .FRQ, .FRW, .MAP, .SAS, .SD2, .SPS and .WRN. The working files can be included in a .ZIP file which contains a data file, different definitions of the date and other such documentation. The file types will differ according to the file format and the data type included. You can extract the working files from the .ZIP file. With the help of Winzip or PKUNZIP, you can extract the working files. Working files are primarily used for documentation, but design studios are creating graphics for various needs. It is not possible to create graphics using the working files. Hence, design studios do not release working files.

For graphic design brisbane and brochure design brisbane, contact Bydaughters. Bydaughters also do annual report design.

Core Drilling Brisbane

DIY vs Hiring a Concrete Cutting Service – including a Step by Step Guide

There is a vast variety of concrete saws and equipment that can be hired to do that pesky DIY project that you have always wanted to get done. But when should you hire a professional and when should you just give it a crack? To do your concrete cutting or core drilling job properly and on budget you will need: the right equipment, the right type – wet or dry, the right protection for yourself and the environment, the right skills and the right value for money. There is lots to consider, but if you read on and follow this step by step guide we can explore this in a little more detail.

Step 1.Choose the right equipment: For gener slab cutting Brisbane you will need a Floor Saw or Kwik Cut Saw (Hand Saw). This process is used when reasonably level and flat surfaces have to be cut and includes cutting through reinforced concrete, precast concrete, and other structural materials.

These surfaces include floors, roofs, bridge decks and suspended slabs. The surfaces are usually cut to provide expansion joints, to make openings for ducts, elevators, stairwells, machine pads, trenching and for demolition purposes.

For wall sawing Brisbane you will need a Kwik Cut Saw (Hand Saw) or Ring Saw. This process is used for the cutting of openings in vertical surfaces and surfaces with slopes so great that floor saws cannot be used.

These surfaces are usually cut to provide for doors, windows, vaults, silos, chests, foundations, ducts or large diameter pipes, or to remove part or all of existing walls. For core drilling Brisbane through a floor or wall you will need a core drill. Core drills can usually drill holes from 25mm dia – 660mm dia. This process is used for the drilling of circular holes in reinforced concrete, precast concrete, asphalt, brick, cinderblock and other structural materials. Usually the holes are made for electrical, plumbing, heating, sewer and sprinkler installations. Other applications include holes to anchor bolts or lifting rods, to place explosive charges, to install load carrying devices, or for analysis of the structure of the rock.

Step 2. Wet or Dry cutting? I don’t mean to scare you here, but cutting concrete can be very messy. You can probably figure out that the dry cutting means cutting without water and should be less messy… hmm not so sure. Cutting without water means dust and lots of it. Very messy, minute particles of concrete will billow into a thick cloud of grey concrete dust or red brick dust and coat everything nearby you own. Personally I prefer the wet cutting machines. Even though the mess is wet grey or red slurry, it is much easier to clean up all the mess with a wetvac (wet and dry vacuum cleaner) and a wipe over with a damp cloth. Dust on the other hand can get absolutely everywhere.

Step 3. Protect yourself and the environment. Basic safety equipment you will need include goggles, ear plugs, safety boots/steel capped gumboots and gloves. If you have chosen a dry cutting machine you will also need to work with a dust mask on to protect your lungs, and sun protection and long sleeves if you are working outside.

Cutting concrete can be very noisy so be mindful of neighbors and nearby businesses in case of noise pollution and air pollution. Think about what is below you if you are cutting on a floor higher than ground floor. Sadly I have heard of some terrible injuries because of falling cores and no safety barriers. Protect the environment with plastic sheeting, extraction fans and a wet/dry vacuum cleaner. In many countries, letting waste such as concrete slurry go down the drain is against the law and you will be fined.

Step 4. Check if you have the right skills. There are many dangers associated with concrete cutting equipment. Even though this equipment can be readily hired, this equipment should only be operated by experienced personnel. You won’t need to google ‘saw injuries’ to imagine the dangers of operating such powerful equipment without the right know how and strength.

Step 5. Check out the cost. Believe it or not the cost to hire a skilled professional who has all the equipment needed and can get the job done with minimal fuss, is often not much more than hiring the equipment yourself. Aside from the safety risk, mistakes in concrete are expensive if you get it wrong. Before you go ahead with the hire, at least get an idea of price from a professional by obtaining a quote.

For example you may be surprised to know that at elliottandfyfe.com.au you can hire a Brisbane concrete cutting operator to do a basic job for about $150.00. That’s hardly more than the cost of hiring the concrete cutting equipment, and comes with a skilled operator to do the hard work. Might just be worth the call?

Shaun McCabe Elliott and Fyfe Concrete Cutting Service – Brisbane. For an obligation free quote on any job call 07 3806 9100 or 0411 554 737.

SEO Townsville and Customer Lifetime Value

Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) is a measure of how much profit a customer will bring to your business over the lifetime of the relationship that exists between you two. The customer is the most valuable asset in your business. Knowing how to acquire and maintain this great asset is the key to a profitable business. CLV helps you determine where to commit you money in marketing campaigns before you launch them in order to reap higher benefits.

Calculating CLV

There are several formulas to arrive at the Lifetime Value of a given customer; the most efficient one is given by:

CLV = (Sales per customer) x (Customer lifetime) x (Number of referrals) x

(The percentage of referrals that turns customers) – (Cost of sales)

To arrive at these data you can use the following simple steps to estimate each parameter. For some idea of the benefit of SEO visit: http://happytalkmedia.com/seo-townsville.html

Sales per customer can be obtained by taking the sum of sales and divide it by the total sum of customers in a given period. Customer lifetime is the estimated number of times you think the customer will reorder a given product or service.

The number of referrals made is a conservative estimate of how many people have heard about you through a particular customer. A satisfied customer often makes casual reference on his or her blog, social media page or post a comment on a forum about a wonderful shopping experience that you provided. These comments can be read by hundreds to thousands of people. You can collect this information by asking your new customers how they heard about you.

Customers Guesstimate the percentage of the referrals that will buy something from your business to arrive at the percentage of referrals that convert to. Finally calculate the cost of sales by taking the sum of goods or services and divide it by the sum of customers that you have sold to in that period and multiply the quotient by the customer lifetime figure calculated earlier.

Importance of Lifetime value to your business

It serves as a benchmark in determining how much money, time and effort you can commit in acquiring a given customer in the first instance. You become confident of reaping benefits such as enhanced corporate image and increased sales from your current investments.

Lifetime value of a customer helps you to re-focus on your marketing campaigns. Once you realize that your customers are an ongoing stream of revenue rather than a one-shot sale, you get motivated to focus on ways of keeping them or repeat sales as loyal customer are likely to buy more. Loyal customers cost less to service. Experienced customers know how to use your products or services and make fewer calls to customer support and request fewer visits from the sale rep thus reducing the overheads.

Limited acquisition cost is yet another benefit of calculating lifetime value of a customer. Loyal customers are much more likely than not to be your advocates. They will recommend you to their associates and friends and happily speak about your products or services. This brings in more customers with little or zero acquisition cost. Lifetime value helps you identify the best customers; understand what best they see in your business thus helping you come up with real marketing objectives and strategies.

Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.

How to Soundproof Windows

Acoustic double glazing requires the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window, optimally by 100mm. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation – Magnetic Acrylic Double Glazing and Acoustic Aluminium Double Glazing. Article body:

What is Window Double Glazing?
Double glazing needs the addition of a secondary glazing layer offset from an existing window optimally by 100mm. Retrofit our acoustic double glazing to your existing windows or specify our solutions on new projects. Double glazed windows eliminate noise transfer by up to 70% and eliminate heating costs by 35%.

Double Glazing System – Magnetic Acrylic Windows
Magnetic Window Soundproofing System works very simply by adding a PVC sub frame on the inside of your window. This double glazing system greatly increases noise cancellation. The acrylic window is sealed in place, creating an air space with the existing window, thereby producing an insulating barrier.

Double Glazing System – Acoustic Aluminium Windows
This double glazing system reduces the transfer of noise from outside to inside. These sound proof windows can be specially manufactured to meet specific size requirements. The Soundblock Aluminium Window System is an add on glazing system, creating a double glazed unit to reduce noise transmission through existing windows by up to 70%. In Addition it provides extra safety and security to the property.

How to Soundproof Windows
To successfully soundproof your windows you need to have a sufficient gap between your primary window and the edge of your internal window reveal. Ideally this gap is 100mm. This will allow an acoustic secondary window, either our Soundblock Acrylic Magnetic or Soundblock Aluminium windows, to be installed to effectively provide an overall sound reduction of 40-43db.

Noise reduction and soundproofing solutions
Established in 1999, Soundblock Solutions is a highly respected, privately-owned Australian creator of soundproofing products and solutions. We can help to create a quieter, more comfortable environment in any surroundings, whether it’s in the home, office, industrial, hotels, marine or restaurants.

Representing leading Australian manufacturers of acoustic products, Soundblock offers a huge range of double glazing and window sound insulation and noise control products for commercial and domestic use. We will determine your exact noise problems and supply and install the most effective product or combination of products for your specific situation. Talk to us for expert advice and a comprehensive, cost-effective solution for all of your soundproofing, double glazing, noise control and acoustic requirements.

Soundblock are the experts in noise reduction and have found using window double glazing systems, that noise can be reduced by up to 70% or 41dB. Soundblock offer two solutions to double glaze windows for noise and thermal insulation.